Get to Know Us. An Islamic Psychospiritual Study, Herndon: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, p. Ennis , op. Moreover, these cognitive and logical issues of critical thinking have been approached within the context of the Islamic spirituality to provide special religious attributes to the discourse. It was since then that research on critical thinking developed and it was in a very broad sense and of various concepts to the extent that researchers found it is hard to reach at a solid consensus on how critical thinking would be best defined.

As such, the difference between modern and Islamic critical thinking is not much at the operational level, but rather deeply involved in its conceptual underpinnings. Questioning in the Qur’an. Educators have shown a great interest in teaching critical thinking at all levels in which most of the concept of thinking is referring to the Western perspective. An Exploration of Key Issues. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Eugene B.

JohnsonCritical Thinking: Research Findings and Policy Recommendations: Al-Ghazzali, in his intellectual and spiritual quest for certainty, has provided a clear guideline on the way criticl thinking with regard to the sources of knowledge.

Critical Thinking : A Functional Approach

Basically these three foundational elements prescribe the nature of Islamic critical thinking that mostly concern about the spiritual, epistemological and ethical aspect of thought. Moreover, to have any flawless and virtuous personal decisions it requires the ability to evaluate and interpret all information accurately especially those filtered by the media that emphasizes promotion and imagery over reason1.

Islam, on the other hand, has established its very own strong foundation and framework of critical thinking from its first revelation. The first approach tends to describe critical thinking in a general and simple way, and sufficient to capture its main concept that emphasizes its practical aspect.


Al-Tafakkur The term tafakkur has been interpreted by a majority of the mufassirin as reflection and contemplation.

Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. In this respect, as for the development of the modern Muslim intellectual, critical thinking is also essential particularly with regards to the intellectual challenges faced by the Muslim.

Catalog Record: Critical thinking : a functional approach | Hathi Trust Digital Library

I’d like to read this book on Kindle Don’t have a Kindle? JonesFoundations of Critical Thinking, Orlando: This is because such elements would negatively influence and become obstacles to the objective thinking and fair judgments.

The Quran and the Scientific Spirit: The event where the Prophet Sulayman had demanded the Hoopoe bird to come with a clear reason for its absence in the birds gathering led by him46 illustrates the requisition for man to think and act based on unambiguous statements or evidences instead of emotions and prejudices. Skip to main content. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support?

HalpernThought and Knowledge: Thus, it is important for Muslims to reconstruct Islamic framework of critical thinking.

Critical thinking: a functional approach – Eugene B. Zechmeister, James E. Johnson – Google Books

They are supposed to continuously drive themselves to exercise the positive critical thinking and to re-examine their personal, workplace and political lives in order to survive successfully. With it He causes to grow for You the crops, the olives, the date-palms, the grapes, and Every kind of fruit.


critical thinking zechmeister

It has also illustrated a general Islamic framework and worldview for the Muslim life which include necessarily critical thinking. The philosophers tend to focus on the nature and quality of critical thinking products, for example in the nature and quality of analysis and of arguments, while psychologists, on the other hand, concentrate on the process of cognition, the components and operations used to address academic and practical problems.

Highly competitive employment market in a global economy, the survival of a democratic way of life, and cgitical decision making in a complex and rapidly changing society require sound reasoning and good judgments.

KurfissCritical Thinking: Also see, Alec Fisherop. The fact that al-Razi33 for instance, while 20 See: Share your thoughts with other customers.

critical thinking zechmeister

Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. English Choose a language for shopping. Fundamental Elements of Islamic Critical Thinking The culture of thinking of cirtical society has great influences on its intellectual quality and development. Cambridge University Press, pp.

Catalog Record: Critical thinking : a functional approach | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. Nevertheless, these various approaches in defining critical thinking reflect the vast meaning of thought that could be alternatively perceived from various aspects.

Both are concerned with the same issues of defining problems, examining evidences, analyzing assumptions and avoiding emotional reasoning and oversimplification.