At first, the frontier was the Atlantic coast. But when the arid lands and the mineral resources of the Far West were reached, no conquest was possible by the old individual pioneer methods. Turner’s emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines. The safety valve thesis is the assertion that the frontier, as a place of opportunity and escape, defused social discontent in America. Essays and Miscellany First ed.
The Turner Theses Thesis Synopsis Turner Quote The Frontier The frontier thesis is the assertion that the American character, including such traits as democracy and materialism, derived from the frontier experience. A small herd of American bison was started at the lab’s founding to symbolize Fermilab’s presence on the frontier of physics and its connection to the American prairie. There has been a steady development of the industrial ideal, and a steady increase of the social tendency, in this later movement of Western democracy. History of the United States. Whereas Turner saw the development of American character occur just behind the frontier line, as the colonists tamed and tilled the land, Roosevelt saw it form in battles just beyond the frontier line. How much do Puritan New England and the California of the transcontinental railroad really have in common? In spite of this, Turner laments, the frontier has received little serious study from historians and economists.
Turner’s point of departure for the essay was that in the published report of the federal census, it was reported that the United States no longer had a discernible frontier–a line of demarcation dividing, as they said then, “civilization” from “savagery.
Stand at South Pass in the Rockies a century later and see theiss same procession with wider intervals between. With all the materialism of the pioneer movements, this idealistic conception of the vacant lands as an opportunity for a new order of things is unmistakably present. But the very task of dealing with vast resources, over vast areas, under the conditions of free competition furnished by the West, has produced the rise of those captains of industry whose success in consolidating economic power now raises the question as to whether democracy under such conditions can survive.
The frontier had no need for standing armies, established frlntier, aristocrats or nobles. But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past.
South Africa, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and Australia—and even ancient Rome—had long frontiers that were also settled by pioneers. He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianisma lack of interest in high cultureand violence.
Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. In Australia, “mateship” and working together was valued more rhesis individualism. They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.
Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks.
Even in the earlier days of the democratic conquest of the wilderness, demands had been made upon the government for support in internal improvements, but this new West showed a growing tendency to call to its assistance the powerful arm of national authority. However, others viewed this interpretation as the impetus for a theesis wave in the history of United States imperialism.
Kennedy to p. He won wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals.
FJ Turner, Frontier Thesis
The existence of this land of opportunity has made America the goal of idealists from the days of the Pilgrim Fathers. This development, in Turner’s description of the frontier, “begins with the Indian and the hunter; it goes on with the disintegration of savagery by the entrance of the trader On a more analytic level, an increasing number of Western historians have found the very concept of a frontier dubious, because it applies frontjer too many disparate places and times to be useful.
Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of sometimes foreign-owned cattle corporations.
European characteristics fell by the wayside and the old country’s institutions e.
Excerpts from writings of Frederick Jackson Turner, ss. The Frontier Thesis came about at a time when the Germanic germ theory of history was popular.
See the following link for a short biography. The most important theesis of the frontier to Turner is its effect on democracy.
Behind institutions, behind constitutional forms and modifications, lie the vital forces that call these organs into life and shape them to meet changing conditions.
The question is whether their frontiers were powerful enough to overcome conservative central forces based in the metropolis. Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in Thus, in brief, have been outlined the chief phases of the development of Western democracy in the different areas which it has conquered. These free lands promoted individualism, economic equality, freedom to rise, democracy.
They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves. But when the arid lands and the mineral resources of the Far West were thesid, no conquest was possible by the old individual pioneer methods.
PBS – THE WEST – Frederick Jackson Turner
Not the constitution but free land and an abundance of natural resources open to a fit people, made the democratic type of society in America for three centuries while it occupied its empire. Their germs were, directly and by way of Tgesis, carried to the New World where they were allowed to germinate in the North American forests. The process has gone on from the early days to our own.