People are economically stratified into those that can afford better housing and those that cannot, rather than historical caste, religious or linguistic stratifications. The houses often have no windows, asbestos roofs which are dangerous if broken and no planning to fit fire regulations. In its place would rise a new town complete with modern apartment buildings, parks, schools, markets, clinics, industrial parks, and even a cricket museum and an arts center. Urban blight is most evident in Bombay, more than half of whose The quandary is that people have to work in poor conditions to recycle waste. The city grew during British rule as variety of services grew up around the port and continued to grow after British left in

It was established by potters from Gujarat 70 years ago and has grown into a settlement of over 10, people. Rubbish is everywhere and most areas lack sanitation and excrement and rats are found on the street. The increase in wealth is used to develop both secondary and university education, further increasing the skills base of the urban area. Even dangerous hospital waste is recycled. It is the largest new town in the world. Dharavi slum is located in Mumbai formally Bombay in India.

At the edge of Dharavi the newest arrivals come to make dharqvi homes on waste land next to water pipes in slum areas. Even dangerous hospital waste is recycled. Impacts of rapid urbanisation India’s economic changes have caused rapid urbanisation.

This suburbanisation has had consequences; 1. The women make and sell textiles and food such as papadums.

geography aqa : dharavi case study

Protected from the Arabian Sea by a peninsular art the southern end of Salsette Island, it geogrphy access to sea on two sides and the British colonial administration in India developed the sheltered inlet into a major port. Squatter settlements Mumbai is an important port city on the northwest coast of India and is the state capital of Maharashtra.


geography case study dharavi

It operates as the commercial capital of India, it is important for manufacturing and finance and it is also the home of ‘Bollywood’ films. As the National Slum Dwellers Federation has repeatedly proven, housing the poor works best, costs less and is better for the environment, when the poor themselves have a say in what is being built.

The commuter traffic has changed. Recycling and waste in Dharavi. The centre of density of population has shifted from the island city well into suburban Salsette. In the wet monsoon season these people have huge problems living on this low lying marginal land.

Squatter Settlement Case Study: This approach has lower costs than Vision Mumbai and is more sustainable. Many of the people here come from many parts of India as a result of the push and pull factors of migration. The major railway stations have areas around them that have become shopping fronts.

– GCSE / IGCSE Geography – Squatter Settlements – Dharavi

This is despite the enormous environmental problems with air and land pollution. This suburbanisation has involved not just the growth of residential areas but also the relocation and growth of new industrial areas. The plan to improve Dharavi is called Vision Mumbai. Giant water pipes carry water to Mumbai and serve as a shortcut for Dharavi residents.

geography case study dharavi

View Mumbai Location Map in a larger map. It is sorted into wire, electrical products, and plastics. The project, which started last year, includes investigating the area’s sanitation, sewerage, solid waste disposal, water management and food distribution needs. In the last decade, Thane, Vashi and Belapur have become extended suburbs despite being planned as individual towns.


Mumbai booming economy means that migrants come for job opportunities in the expanding industries, financial institutions and administration. Industries include aerospace, optical engineering, medical research, computers and electronic equipment of all varieties, shipbuilding and salvaging, and renewable energy.

Recycling and waste in Dharavi Kevin McCloud found that people seemed genuinely happy in the slum.

geography case study dharavi

Third, these areas extend outwards and can involve reclaiming land next to creeks and mangrove, and slopes in the hills of Salsette can be colonised too. Impacts dhaarvi urbanisation – Dharavi slum. Mumbai has had a high level of natural increaseas well as enormous rural to urban migration.

India, which has 1. Family life dominates, and there can be as many as 5 people per room.

geography aqa : dharavi case study – Mindmap in GCSE Geography

Managing and improving Squatter settlements. Indeed, in terms of population size Mumbai is India’s largest city, and is the financial capital of the country, being home to the Mumbai Stock Exchange.

While some homes have their own facilities, these are few and far between. Plastics in India are continuously recycled.